There are many villages in India that can’t even imagine the basic facilities such as water, education, road and health. To bring all these villages on the track of development, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) constituted Gram Sadak Yojana (village development scheme). Under this scheme, more than 60 villages in Mangalore, Shimoga and Tumkur regions have been transformed. The foundation of the scheme was laid in 1995. It was decided to pay a due consideration towards the basic facilities that are required in a village such as food, education and health. It was also decided that the funds and other infrastructure will also be raised by the villagers itself. After the completion of this stage of development project, the other projects such as social education, public hygiene, social values, social prosperity, social security and social equality were also attached.Bedgudde village in Karnataka that is attached to Kerala border has become an ideal village because of the implementation of all these projects.Social education: The village has two primary schools and one high school. It also has two Government Aanganwadis. Books, uniforms and school bags are provided free of cost to economically backward students. The pass percentage has been raised from 80 to 90 per cent. All the youths under 35 years of age are literate. Students participate enthusiastically in the cultural programmes. Van Mahotsav is organized in the village since last three years. Water conservation work has now also been initiated.Public hygiene: An awareness campaign about maintenance of public hygiene was initiated. A lavatory was constructed in each and every house. Health and blood donation camps are also organized. A list of regular donors has been prepared. Saplings of medicinal herbs have also been planted.Social values: To impart social values, activities such as Balgokulam, Matru Mandali, Satsang and bhajans are organized regularly. A positive impact of these programmes on society has been witnessed. This has created a sense of brotherhood and mutual co-operation among villagers. In the courtyard of every house, a Tulsi sapling has been planted. Activities such as drinking, smoking and gambling are hardly to be found.Social prosperity: Total six self-help groups operate in the village among which two are run by men while four are managed by women. These groups have 78 members. These groups also run shops along with business.For farming purpose, animals as well as human labour is utilized. Organized farming is being encouraged. Repair work of roads, temples and schools is undertaken by villagers themselves. Rain water is harvested in about 20 per cent of the houses.Social equality: Untouchability is not at all practiced in the entire village. Nobody sells cow to a butcher. A security committee has been formed that looks after the well being of the village.Some of the other villages also have the same story.KonjeThis village is situated in the mountainous region outside Mangalore city. Mangalore University headquarter is also located here. RSS shakha is regularly held in the university.The village has a majority of labourers. Two temples and a community hall have been constructed. While constructing these, only the building material was purchased. A bridge was built. Five km long road was also constructed. Village lake was completely cleaned. Villagers helped in repairing the houses of economically backward people. After the public worship programme, a feast is organized. Youths of the village have saved cows from the clutches of butchers a plenty of times.NitteWith the co-operation of Nitte Shiksha Nyas and Justice K S Hegde Foundation, development works are carried out in the village. Under ‘Nerekare Kshem Project’ a group of 10 to 15 houses is constituted. One person is chosen from the group and is made self reliant. Senior karyakartas look after this group.The village has a provision for education right from Aanganwadi up to the college. After class 10, there is a provision for providing self employment training to youths in various trades. 34 girls of north-eastern region are receiving education free of cost here.By the co-operation of Bharatiya Kisan Sangh, farmers are trained in organic farming. Training is also provided for the production of ‘Shree Satyam’ paddy that consumes quite a low amount of water.ThakkateThe village has a provision for education up to college level. Initially, the drop out percentage was 25 which has now reduced to just five. The passing percentage has elevated from 65 to 75. In private schools, it has increased to even 95%.Most of the people opt for Ayurvedic treatment. A list of 50 blood donors has been prepared. 55 women self-help groups have been constituted consisting of about 400 members.KodmannuThis village that falls under Bantwal tehsil was too much backward. Bidi manufacturing and agriculture are the major occupations here. Agricultural activities have been boosted through the help of self-help groups. Paddy and coconut are the major crops. Farmers have a greater inclination towards organic farming. Over 25% of farmers possess cows of Indian breed.AralaThis village has 76 self-help groups with over 800 members. Over 50 per cent farmers opt for organic farming. There are three milk societies of which one is run by women. Farmers’ congregation is organized from time to time so as to discuss the farming activities.The village temple has been renovated. For this, groups of villagers with five members in each group worked for about 7 days. For raising funds for this noble work, a fistful of food grains was collected from each house. ... ...
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